Where is the Centre of the Universe - Explore Beyond Our Solar System Documentary
On a clear, moonless night, one can often see a hazy, luminous band stretching across the sky. The ancients devised many fanciful myths to account for this "milky way." Galileo was the first to look at this haze with a telescope and discover that it was composed of countless dim stars. Today, we realize that this hazy band is our view from the inside of a vast disk that is home to billions of stars, including our own Sun, and vast amounts of interstellar dust. This is our galaxy — the Milky Way. Earlier in this century, Edwin Hubble's observations led to the discovery that ours is only one of many billions of galaxies that dot the universe with each galaxy home to billions of stars. Some, like the Milky Way, are flat disks with arcing spiral arms and regions of dense interstellar gas, called nebulae, which are active sites of star formation. Yet others are ellipse-shaped agglomerations of mature stars, virtually devoid of interstellar gas or dust.
Potential Life on other Planetary Documentary - Explore the Awesome Beauty of The Planets
From the rocky inner worlds to the gas giants, every planet of our solar system has a fascinating story. Their extreme features give us clues to how the solar system formed—and what hope there may be for life on other worlds. What did the ancient Greeks recognize as the universe? In their model, the universe contained Earth at the center, the Sun, the Moon, five planets, and a sphere to which all the stars were attached. This idea held for many centuries until Galileo’s telescope helped allow people to realize that Earth is not the center of the universe. They also found out that there are many more stars than were visible to the naked eye. All of those stars were in the Milky Way Galaxy.
Exploring the Start of the Universe - The Search for Life on Mars Documentary
What did the ancient Greeks recognize as the universe? In their model, the universe contained Earth at the center, the Sun, the Moon, five planets, and a sphere to which all the stars were attached. This idea held for many centuries until Galileo’s telescope helped allow people to realize that Earth is not the center of the universe. They also found out that there are many more stars than were visible to the naked eye. All of those stars were in the Milky Way Galaxy. In the early 20th century, an astronomer named Edwin Hubble Figure below discovered that what scientists called the Andromeda Nebula was actually over 2 million light years away, many times farther than the farthest distances that had ever been measured. Hubble realized that many of the objects that astronomers called nebulas were not actually clouds of gas, but were collections of millions or billions of stars that we now call galaxies.
Voyage To The Planets And Beyond The Solar System - The Search for Life in the Universe Documentary
How do we find other planets? For life in the universe to be abundant, planets must be abundant. But planets are hard to detect because they are small, and much fainter than the stars they orbit. How does life begin? Scientists do not yet know how the first living things arose on Earth. The geological record shows that life appeared on Earth almost as soon as the young planet was cool and stable enough for living things to survive. This suggests that life may exist wherever conditions allow it.
Timeline of Discovery of Solar System Planets - Discovery of Alien Planets in our Solar System
McGill Physics student Evelyn Macdonald and her supervisor Prof. Nicolas Cowan used over a decade of observations of Earth's atmosphere taken by the SCISAT satellite to construct a transit spectrum of Earth, a sort of fingerprint for Earth's atmosphere in infrared light, which shows the presence of key molecules in the search for habitable worlds. This includes the simultaneous presence of ozone and methane, which scientists expect to see only when there is an organic source of these compounds on the planet. Such a detection is called a "biosignature." "A handful of researchers have tried to simulate Earth's transit spectrum, but this is the first empirical infrared transit spectrum of Earth," says Prof. Cowan. "This is what alien astronomers would see if they observed a transit of Earth."
A Journey Through Space and Time Documentary - Journey into the Center of the Universe
Hundreds of planets are known to orbit many times closer to their star than Mercury is to our sun, with some heated to greater than 1000 K. The planets may have formed much further from the star where material in the protoplanetary disc surrounding a nascent star was plentiful enough. The planets would have then migrated inward to their current location where we infer from extrapolated observations of star formation there is not enough material to form planets. Many fundamental aspects of planet migration are still being worked out
How Can the Universe be Infinite - Expansion of the Universe Documentary
The galaxies outside of our own are moving away from us, and the ones that are farthest away are moving the fastest. This means that no matter what galaxy you happen to be in, all the other galaxies are moving away from you. However, the galaxies are not moving through space, they are moving in space, because space is also moving. In other words, the universe has no center; everything is moving away from everything else. If you imagine a grid of space with a galaxy every million light years or so, after enough time passes this grid will stretch out so that the galaxies are spread to every two million light years, and so on, possibly into infinity.
How Did the Universe Begin Documentary - How to Search for Exoplanets in our Universe
How to Search for Exoplanets in our Universe? We are entering a new era in research. The synergy of technological advancement and scientific discovery enables a new approach to solving the universe's greatest mysteries. Through the world of particle physics, we see the great machines and the global collaborations working together in a unified quest. A diversity of people, a diversity of machines. Theoretically, in a Universe where the density of matter is high, clusters of galaxies would continue to grow and so, on average, should contain more mass now than in the past. Most astronomers believe that we live in a low-density Universe in which a mysterious substance known as ‘dark energy’ accounts for 70% of its content, and therefore, pervades everything.